6 Ways to Keep Your Fruits and Veggies Fresher for Longer

6种延长保鲜蔬果的方法

by , 05/30/12
filed under: Sustainable Food

Summer is in full swing, and with the warm weather comes a bounty of delicious seasonal fruit and vegetables, but keeping them fresh can be a challenge. Most of us don’t have the time to visit our grocers daily to get fresh produce, and instead buy everything at once. Sadly, with even the best intentions and voracious appetites, by the week’s end we often find ourselves with more than our fair share of wilted greens, bruised fruits and moldy berries. Thankfully, all that good food doesn’t have to end up in the compost – with just a little bit of extra attention, there are plenty of ways to keeps your greens and berries in prime shape for that summer salad or cake. Read on for 6 of our tips on how to keep your fruits and vegetables fresher, longer!
在炎热的夏季,如何保存新鲜的水果蔬菜总是一件很有挑战性的事情。许多情况下,因为没有足够的时间每天进行采购,我们会一次性采买几天的食材。可惜的是,伴随时间的流逝,果蔬们营养流逝,迅速腐败。比起把果蔬们扔进堆肥桶里,我们仍然有很多方法可以延长果蔬的新鲜度。以下将介绍6种方法:

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GIVE YOUR BERRIES A HOT BATH

给你的莓果洗个热水澡

Once the weather gets hot we often find ourselves eating berries by the basketful. But even with a healthy appetite and refrigeration, uneaten berries can go moldy overnight. One way to stop the onset of the fuzzy fungus is not with pesticides, but by giving your berries a hot bath before storing them. Called ‘thermotherapy’ the process simply involves immersing and swishing berries in their plastic basket in a pot of hot water. The hot water kills off mold spores and keeps them fresher longer. Strawberries, blueberries and raspberries fare best at 125 degrees for 30 seconds. After bathing the berries spread them out on a towel to allow them to breathe and then store.

在天气炎热的时候,我们总是不停地吃莓果。即使有了冰箱,那些没吃完的莓果可能在隔夜后就变质发霉了。比起喷洒农药,更加有效的方法是在贮藏前给莓果们洗个热水澡。因为热水可以有效的杀死霉菌,延缓霉变的速度。草莓,蓝莓,树莓在125度的高温下浸泡30秒,仍然可以保持原状。浸泡完毕后,用毛巾吸水晾干,然后再放进冰箱贮存。

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KEEP TOMATOES OUT OF THE REFRIGERATOR

把西红柿从冰箱里拿出来

Tomatoes are a staple for most of us year round, but keeping them from rotting in the summer can be difficult. Putting tomatoes in the fridge may seem like a sure-fire way to keep them fresher, longer, but think again. One of the most common food storage mistakes is keeping tomatoes in the refrigerator, when in fact keeping them in cold temperatures rids them of their flavor and transforms their texture in just a couple of days. Instead, put them in a bowl that you have lined with a paper towel with the stems at the top. The most tender part of the fruit is directly around the stem, making this part most likely to bruise, which leads to rotting. Temperature is another important factor when storing tomatoes and room temperature is preferable — keep them away from heat sources and direct sunlight. And if you’re still not consuming them as quickly as you hope, do move them around in the bowl to avoid bruising. For the less attentive, you can also purchase a special container with controlled ventilation and ridges to keep moisture away. Your tomatoes should keep for at least a week.

西红柿是我们常年的主食,但可以很难保持他们在夏天腐烂。把西红柿放在冰箱里可能看起来像一个安全可靠的方式来保持他们新鲜。No,其实让他们在寒冷的温度下容易摆脱掉自身风味,在短短一两天里就会变质。相反,把西红柿顶部的茎用纸巾包裹放在一个碗里。水果最嫩的部分是联接蒂头的茎,使得这部分最有可能挫伤,从而导致腐烂。温度是另一个重要因素存储西红柿的条件,室温最好是 – 让它们远离热源和阳光直射。如果你仍然无法尽快消耗,不要不断移动西红柿,以避免碰撞。你也可以购买一个特殊的容器控制通风和保持水分。你的西红柿应该保持至少一个星期。

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WRAP YOUR LEAFY GREENS

包裹你的绿叶蔬菜

Leafy greens should be consumed within 1-2 days of purchase to ensure both freshness and that you are getting all the nutrients out of them you can. But if you are going to store these greens, the best way to extend their life is to wrap the unwashed leaves in a paper towel so that the towel can absorb any excess moisture — if the leaves retain excess moisture, they will rot quickly. After wrapping in the paper towel put them in plastic bags and keep them in your fridge. Remember to toss any rotten leaves from the bunch before storing, and keep different varieties in separate bags.

绿叶蔬菜应在买回家后的一至两天内食用,确保蔬菜的新鲜以及不流失营养。如果你需要贮存绿叶蔬菜的话,请在买来后直接用厨房用吸水纸包裹他们,以确保蔬菜不会因为水分过多而腐烂。在包裹完后,将蔬菜放置于塑料袋中,然后置于冰箱。请在保存前把腐烂的部分去除,并且保持不同的品种在单独的包装内。

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REFRESH LETTUCE AND HERBS WITH AN ICE BATH

给生菜和香料洗个冰水浴

If your greens have started to look a little wilted due to the cold temperature of your fridge, or from being left on the counter for a little too long, you can easily refresh them by giving them and ice bath. Simply place the lettuce leaves or herbs in a large bowl of ice water and shake the greens around a bit to revive them. A minute or two should awaken them and get them looking fresh and new!

如果你的蔬菜已经开始看起来有点蔫了,由于你的冰箱冷至室温,或者被留在柜台上一点点太长,你可以很容易地给他们洗个冰水浴。只需简单地将生菜叶或香料在一个大碗里的冰水,摇晃了一下四周,让蔬菜复苏。一两分钟应该唤醒它们,让他们看起来更加新鲜!

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FREEZE YOUR FRUITS AND VEGGIES

冷冻水果和蔬菜

If you overestimated how quickly you could consume your purchases, don’t get down on their eventual demise – and waste. Instead, chop those ripened fruits and veggies up and freeze them for use on a future occasion. You can freeze items such as bell peppers, green beans, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, celery, cucumbers, onions, eggplant, mushrooms, strawberries, blueberries, bananas… and the list goes on! Just make sure you blanch them in hot water before sticking them in below freezing temperatures. Blanching neutralizes bacteria present in foods, delaying spoilage.

如果你多买了水果蔬菜,可是又不想浪费它们,扔进垃圾箱里。那么,把多余的水果蔬菜们切块冷冻会是一个不错的选择。你可以冷冻甜椒,四季豆,西兰花,甘蓝,白菜,芹菜,黄瓜,洋葱,茄子,蘑菇,草莓,蓝莓,香蕉……这样的例子不胜枚举!只要确保在冷冻前把果蔬们放在热水中焯烫。热烫中和细菌存在于食品,延缓变质。

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REFRIGERATE RIPENED BANANAS

冷藏成熟的香蕉

There has always been a lingering myth that says refrigerating bananas only makes them go bad faster. While a banana in the fridge may find a brown or black skin in just a few hours, what lies beyond the peel remains perfectly edible. The cold temperature of a fridge encourages an enzyme found in bananas (polyphenyl oxidase) to polymerise phenols in the banana skin into polyphenols, which in turn blackens the banana skins. However, the cold temperature also keeps the banana from ripening even further keeping the fruit perfect within. If you’re adverse to peeling a blackened banana, try putting the ripe bananas into a plastic bag and seal the bag prior to placing it in your fridge’s crisper. This little trick should keep them looking more palatable.

一直以来都有一个说法,冷藏熟透的香蕉会加速腐败。把熟透的香蕉直接放进冰箱,大约几小时后就会发现香蕉皮变黑。这是由于冰箱的低温促进了香蕉里的一种酶(聚苯氧化酶)的增长,这种酶会使香蕉皮变黑。其实,只要把成熟的香蕉放在保鲜盒里,然后再放进冰箱里,就可以让它们看起来更加可口!

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