10 Natural Fertilizer Recipes

十种天然肥料的配方

POSTED BY  ON SEPTEMBER 22, 2011 28 COMMENTS

Check out these homemade fertilizers made from easy-to-find materials:
    1. Banana Peels –  Eating a banana helps replenish lost potassium. Roses love potassium too. Simply throw one or two peels in the hole before planting or bury peels under mulch so they can compost naturally. Get bigger and more blooms. 香蕉皮 – 吃一根香蕉有助于补充丢失的钾。玫瑰也爱钾。简单地挖一两个洞,把香蕉皮放进洞里,填好土使他们能够自然堆肥。获取更大,更多的花朵。
    2. Coffee grounds – Acid loving plants such as tomatoes, blueberries, roses and azaleas love coffee grounds mixed into the soil, sprinkled on top of the ground before watering, or poured on top of the soil. If using as a soil drench, soak 6 cups of coffee grounds in a 5 gallon bucket of water. Let it sit for 2-3 days and then saturate the soil around your plants. 咖啡渣- 西红柿,蓝莓,玫瑰,杜鹃花爱咖啡渣混入土壤,或者覆盖在表层。如果是作为喷洒溶液,用5加仑的水稀释6杯的咖啡渣,静置2-3天,然后浇灌植物周围的土壤。
    3. Egg shells – Wash them first, then crush. Work the shell pieces into the soil near tomatoes and peppers. The calcium helps fend off blossom end rot. Eggshells are 93% calcium carbonate, the same ingredient as lime, a tried and true soil amendment! 鸡蛋壳 – 首先把它们洗干净,然后粉碎。把蛋壳埋到西红柿和辣椒附近的土壤里。钙有助于驱寒开花结束腐烂。蛋壳是碳酸钙93%,与石灰的成分类似,是一个真正的土壤改良剂!
    4. Seaweed – Fresh seaweed should be washed well before use to remove salt. Asian markets sell dried seaweed. Both fresh and dried versions are considered excellent soil amendments. Seaweed contains trace elements and actually serves as a food source for soil microbes. Chop up a small bucket of seaweed and add it to 5 gallons of water.  Let it sit for 2-3 weeks loosely covered. Use it to drench the soil and foliage. 2 cups work well for a small plant, 4 cups for a medium plants and 6 cups for a large plant. Experiment with amounts. Combine seaweed with other tea fertilizers. 新鲜海藻 – 海藻应当洗净,使用前去除盐分。亚洲市场销售干紫菜。干鲜版本被认为是良好的土壤改良剂。海藻含有微量元素,实际上作为土壤中的微生物的食物来源。剪一小把的海藻,用5加仑的水稀释,然后静置两三周。用它喷洒土壤和树叶。 2杯的话可以用于小型植物,4杯用于一个中等的植物,6杯用于大型植物。结合海藻与其他茶叶可以增加肥料。
    5. Cornmeal – Contains lots of phosphorus and nitrogen and acts as an effective fungicide. Add a cup of cornmeal to 5 gallons of water. Let it soak for several hours, then strain the liquid so you can add it to a spray bottle. Spray the leaves of plants that are susceptible to fungus. You can combine this cornmeal tea with compost tea for even more benefits.玉米面 – 含有大量的磷和氮,作为一个有效的杀菌剂。添加一杯玉米面5加仑的水。让它浸泡了几个小时,然后把液体添加到一个喷雾瓶,喷易受真菌感染的植物的叶子。结合玉米面和茶叶堆肥甚至更多的好处。
    6. Molasses – Using molasses in compost tea increases microbes and the beneficial bacteria that microbes feed on. If you want to start out with a simple recipe for molasses fertilizer, mix 1-3 tablespoons of molasses into a gallon of water. Water your plants with this concoction and watch them grow bigger and healthier. 糖蜜 – 使用茶+糖蜜堆肥可以增加微生物和有益的细菌。如果你想一开始就使用一个简单的糖蜜肥料配方,混合1-3汤匙糖蜜为一加仑的水。使用该配方,可以看到植物长得更大,更健康。
    7. Human Urine – Sounds disgusting, but urine is considered sterile if the body it’s coming from is healthy and free of viruses and infection. High in nitrogen, urea contains more phosphorous and potassium than many of the fertilizers we buy at the store! If serving tomatoes that have been fertilized with pee gives you the “willies”, try it in the compost pile. A good ratio of urine to water would be 1:4. You can collect a cup of urine and pour it into 4 cups of water in a plastic bucket used outside for fertilizing plants. Pour 2 cups around the perimeter of each SMALL plant. For MEDIUM plants add 4 cups and LARGE plants deserve a good 6 cups of your personal home brew. 尿液-听起来很恶心,但是,如果尿液来自于身体健康的人,它将免于病毒感染,同时也是无菌的。尿素中含有较多的磷和钾,甚至超过了商店里的肥料。将尿液用水以1:4稀释,用于浇灌西红柿,会有意想不到的效果。2杯的话可以用于小型植物,4杯用于一个中等的植物,6杯用于大型植物。
    8. Grass Clippings – Rich in nitrogen, grass breaks down over time and enhances the soil. Fill a 5 gallon bucket full of grass clippings. You can even add weeds! Weeds soak up nutrients from the soil just as much as grass. Add water to the top of the bucket and let sit, covered for 3 weeks. Stir it once a week. Dilute your grass tea by mixing 1 cup of liquid grass into 10 cups of water. Apply to the base of plants using the same amounts as listed above in the urine recipe.草屑 – 含有丰富的氮,草随着时间的推移可以提高土壤养分。用5加仑草屑。您甚至可以添加杂草!杂草从土壤中吸收营养素如草一样多。加水至桶的顶部,静置覆盖3个星期。搅拌每周一次。稀草茶草液混合1杯到10杯水。适用于上面列出的在尿中的配方,使用相同量的植物的基础上。
    9. Chicken, Horse and Cow Manure – With a little effort, you’ll find folks that are giving away composted animal manure for free. Add the composted manure to a small permeable bag made from recycled cloth, e.g., a t-shirt or old towel. Let it steep in the shade for a few days and apply around the perimeter of plants using the ratios above for the seaweed recipe. Bury or discard the used bag.鸡,马和牛粪 – 使用动物粪便堆肥完全免费。将动物粪便添加堆肥使用的透水的再生布小袋子里,例如,一件T恤或旧毛巾。让它在树荫下晾干几天,配合使用在海藻配方在植物的周边。埋葬或丢弃用过的小袋子。
    10. Cat and Dog Food – Depending on the dog food you recycle, this soil amendment may not be organic.  However, even the cheap stuff contains protein and micro-nutrients that benefit the soil. To prepare a garden plot for planting, sprinkle dry pet food on the bed, turn the soil and water. Let it decay naturally. To discourage wildlife from visiting for a snack, cover with cardboard until the food decomposes. The cardboard will also trap moisture and discourage weeds. Make sure the cardboard get wet all the way through and cover with mulch. Water thoroughly every week for four weeks.Soybean meal and alfalfa pellets from the grain store work great too. Sometimes grain stores will sell for cheap or give away spoiled grains. Check the feed for salt content and try not to add pet or animal food considered high in sodium. The AAFCO (Association of American Feed Control Officials) recommends dry dog food contain a minimum of 3% sodium to support normal growth and development.猫粮、狗粮– 根据回收的狗食,有些可能不是有机的土壤改良剂。然而,即使是便宜的东西,也含有蛋白质和微量营养素,有利于土壤。准备要种植的园地,撒上干性宠物食品,覆盖土壤和水。让它自然衰减。为了阻止野生动物发掘,用硬纸板覆盖,直到食物分解。纸板也将捕获的水分和阻止杂草。每周浇水,一直持续四周。豆粉和苜蓿颗粒也是同样有效的。有时粮店将廉价出售或放弃被破坏的谷物。检查饲料的含盐量,并尽量不添加宠物或动物,认为高钠的食物。 AAFCO(美国饲料控制官员协会)推荐,干狗粮含有至少3%的钠,以支持正常的成长和发展。

What are your experiences (good or bad) with homemade fertilizers? Do you have any recipes to share?

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