Organic is a labeling term that indicates that food, for example, is produced through approved methods that integrate cultural, biological, and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity. Organic means that there are no synthetic fertilizers and chemical pesticides, irradiation, industrial solvents, or chemical food additives.
II. Food Security
Food security is a condition that “exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life”. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (FAO)
III. Urban Sustainability
Sustainability is the capacity to endure. For humans, sustainability is the potential for long-term maintenance of well being, which has ecological, economic, political and cultural dimensions. Sustainability requires the reconciliation of environmental, social equity and economic demands. Urban sustainability is designed with consideration of environmental impact, inhabited by people dedicated to minimization of required inputs of energy, water and food, and waste output of heat, air pollution – CO2, methane, and water pollution.
IV. Social Economy
The innovators and practitioners of social economy activities are the people who have already experienced the “transition” from an individualistic, materialist, and corporate mentality to collective, sustainable, and social mindset and practices. Social economy initiatives include housing cooperatives, consumer cooperatives, credit unions, local currency systems, community supported agriculture and alternative food networks, and community gardens.
V. Greenhouse Gas
A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation and this process is the fundamental cause of the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect is a process by which thermal radiation from a planetary surface is absorbed by atmospheric greenhouse gases, and is re-radiated in all directions.
VI. Smart Pot
Smart Pots are a soft-sided, fabric container that has the rigidity to hold its shape and the geo-textile membrane permits maximized oxygen supply and full root growth. Geo-textiles are permeable fabrics which, when used in association with soil, have the ability to separate, filter, reinforce, protect, or drain. The Smart Pot is an aeration container with the ability to air-prune and enhances a plant’s root structure. A highly branched, fibrous root structure is the key to growing a better plant – with more flowers and fruits, and more resistance to insects and diseases. The Smart Pot has been used by commercial tree growers for over twenty years and was awarded the Horticultural Merit award by the Montreal Botanical Garden in May 2013.